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Education

Origin of the Diamond

The exact origin of the diamond is still somewhat a mystery, even to scientists. Diamonds, like snowflakes, are unique. There are no two identical diamonds in existence. Diamonds are, intrinsically, pure carbon like the graphite in a lead pencil, just more dense and hard. By great heat and pressure, nature has crystallized the diamond, deep inside the earth, into a form different from any other substance. Then the force of ancient volcanoes drove the diamond embedded rock up through pipe-like channels towards the earth's surface, where, today, diamonds are mined. Diamond is the hardest natural substance known to man. It is 2,000 times harder than a ruby or a sapphire and 3,000 times harder than man-made substances such as cubic zirconia. 

Of all the diamonds formed billions of years ago in the center of the earth, only a few exist at the surface. In order to produce just a one-carat polished diamond of gem quality, approximately 250 tons of ore must be mined and processed. An uncut diamond is only a pebble, which most people would pass without a glance. The beauty of the diamond depends on the way it reflects light, and the cutter must shape the stone in such a way as to admit light through the top of the stone, so it will bounce around inside and come back out the top. In this way, the maximum amount of light is reflected. At Shamins Jewellers, we are very particular about the cut of our diamonds and carry an extensive collection of Ideal Cut diamonds, which deliver the maximum sparkle, fire, brilliance and scintillation. An average cut diamond will lose about 50% of its original weight and an Ideal Cut diamond will lose another 15 to 20%.

You're in love. And thinking of getting engaged. You know that nothing less than a diamond will do. 

But do you know why?

Selecting the Perfect Diamond

The Four C's of diamonds

How a diamond is graded

Caring for a diamond